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Quote1 Now learn the lesson you have forever so feared. If you would save all creation... look beyond each single life. Let those who must fall, fall. Mourn the facing of each dead leaf. But do not pause to stop it. Instead, you create anew. Create out of ashes and death. Create out of darkness and chaos. That is how existence fought for life. Remake yourself, Hercules. And rise. Quote2
-- Gaea src
 

Origin

Gaea was one of the Elder Gods who materialized on Earth before any life appeared there. She and her brother Chthon inhabited Earth's land masses, affecting geological patterns.

Elder Gods degeneration

However, the rest of the gods, following the example of Set, started eating each other, a process that turned all but Gaea into demons. Worried that they might menace Earth's organic life forms, Gaea summoned the Demiurge and "mated" with it, to give birth to her first son, the sun-god Atum, who, in its form of Demogorge the God-Eater, devoured all the demons, except those that escaped to other planes, such as Set and Chthon. Gaea then merged with the Earth itself, and dedicated herself to guiding evolution. Atum went to live in the Sun.[57]

Caretaker of Evolution

Millions of years later, Gaea decided to allow the dinosaurs to become extinct, so mammals would evolve in their place. This angered Set, who drew power from them. He made the dinosaurs try to hunt down all mammals, so Gaea summoned the Demogorge to deal with him. Their battle may have finished killing off the dinosaurs. In the end, Set was banished from Earth again.

First Host

Gaea protected Earth from the influence of Set, supporting the development of humanity over dinosaurs and leading the cosmic entities known as the Celestials to destroy a group of Serpent Men.[57][58]

...

Gaea (Earth-616) from Thor Vol 1 301 0001

Gaea and her many names

Mother of Pantheons

Thousands of years ago, when the second generation of gods began to appear on Earth, Gaea mated with many of them (under various different identities) thus becoming the "Mother-Goddess" mentioned in several myths. Under the name "Jord" she mated with Odin, who wanted a son who would be strong on Earth (not just in Asgard) and gave birth to Thor. However, Thor was not told the true identity of his mother until Gaea revealed it to him later on.

Third Host

In 1000 AD, the Third Host of the Celestials occurred, during which the Space Gods informed they would return 1,000 years later to judge Earth's right to continue existing. While the pantheons prepared for war, Gaea planned a peaceful solution to the problem with many goddesses (among them Aman Sinaya for the Diwatas/Philippine gods, Amaterasu of the Amatsu-Kami/Shinto gods, Ameretat of the Yazatas/Zoroastrian gods, Ay of the Tenger/Mongolian gods, Chalchiuhtlique of the Teteoh/Aztec gods, Haumea of the Akua/Oceanic gods[59] (in fact herself),[30] Hera of the Olympians/Graeco-Roman gods, Isis of the Ennead/Heliopolitans/Egyptian gods, Ixchel of the Ahau/Mayan gods, Julunggul of the Aboriginal gods, Lada of the Dievas/Slavic/Russian gods, Lahamu of the Annunaki/Mesopotamian gods, Mahu of the Vodu/African gods, Mama Cocha of the Apu/Incan gods, Mielikki of the Jumala/Finnish gods, Morrigan of the Tuatha de Danaan/Celtic gods, Nelvanna of the Inua/Northern gods, Wiininwaa of the Manidoog/Native American gods, Xi Wangmu of the Xian/Taoist/Chinese gods, Ungnyeo of the Shin/Korean gods, Frigga and Sigyn of the Asgardians/Norse gods, and Saraswati, Parvati and Lakshmi of the Daevas/Hindu/Vedic gods.

For the next thousand years, they searched for humans representing mankind's highest ideals, to be offered to the Celestials as an offering. The goddesses placed the candidates in suspended animation, with their superhuman potential (legacy of the First Host) awakened.[59]

Fourth Host

One thousand years ago, the Celestials came to Earth and forced the gods to stop intervening with humanity's development; they also revealed they would return in one thousand years to judge humanity. Worried, the Council of Godheads (the rulers of the various pantheons) met and made plans to combat the entities on their return; however, afraid that they might fail, Gaea met with the queens of the gods and came up with an alternate plan: they would choose the Young Gods, a group of twelve humans, each representing one of mankind's achievements, as time went by. Each would be made immortal and put to sleep in a secret chamber, where they would be watched over by the various goddesses of all the pantheons (taking turns) until the Celestials' return.

When the souls of all Asgardians (except Thor's) possessed the body of the Destroyer and attacked the Celestials, only to be defeated and scattered. Gaea then appeared with the Young Gods, and presented them to the Celestials as proof of man's worth to survive. They were accepted, and the Celestials left without destroying the Earth. Gaea, in the form of a dark-haired woman, then healed the wounded Thor, and explained the whole story to him. She also told him how he could restore the Asgardians' souls to their bodies with help from all the other Godheads, which he then went on to obtain. Gaea then went back to being 'one with the planet'.[60]

Mystic Encounters

Over the years, Gaea continues to grant power to many who call on her, from the ancient Sisters of Danu to the modern Ardina, Brother Nature, Clea, Dark Mairi, Doctor Strange, the Neurii, the Olympian Prometheus, and Topaz.[citation needed] Several years ago, Gaea was captured by the entity called Dormammu (who once held her prisoner until she channeled the life force of every being on Earth to banish him), but was freed by Doctor Strange and his lover, Clea.[61]

She has also been directed opposition to threats such as Maelstrom.[citation needed] Her pain resulting from the harm humanity had done to Earth, nearly drove the mutant Humus Sapien to take the lives of all mankind.[62]

The Defenders

She was captured by the extradimensional scientist Yandroth and forced to place a curse on the earliest Defenders, compelling them to gather to oppose threats to Earth. She continued to perpetuate this curse herself for a time, pleased to have even unwilling protectors, but she dissolved it after the Defenders became corrupt due to Yandroth's influence. She informed Nighthawk that he would have the power to summon them should the need arise.[63]

Chaos War

During the Chaos War, Gaea was sought to be protected by the divine pantheons of Earth at all cost with the Shinto Sun Goddess Amaterasu sealing off the throne room of the Council of Elite to do so. When the Chaos King destroyed most of the divine realms of each pantheons, Gaea, with her daughter the Fire Goddess Pele summoned the remaining gods to Mt. Halemaumau for the last moments of farewell. There, Gaea revealed to Hercules that she is the true font of creation, the first being to form out of chaos and that she is the true power source of what the gods can do. She then instructs Hercules to embrace her daughter Pele as she teaches him to to become the God of Gods despite Athena's words that her time draws near with the Chaos King saying that Gaea should stop dreaming of creation and return to his night. Still, despite her weakened state, Gaea still managed to teach Hercules how to use the nigh-omnipotent powers within him and imbued him with her own powers allowing Hercules to destroy Athena in a single gesture.[30]

Fear Itself

Gaea was one third of the All-Mother of Asgard playing the role as the Mother as she ruled over Asgard alongside Freyja and Idunn in Odin's absence after the planetary attack by the Serpent.[50] She later ruled Asgardia as a member of the All-Mother Trinity while having Loki serve as an agent of the trinity.

During her tenure, Gaea fell ill due to an unknown aliment affecting her physical form and her mystical garden and Sif took it upon herself to find a cure. While transporting Gaea and her garden to an asteroid space station for quarantine, she encountered Beta Ray Bill who had crashed his ship alongside another into the asteroid. Gaea was found inside the other ship, which turned out to be n ancient ark that collected one of every living creature across the galaxy and was rejuvenated by the variety of life around her. However, the ship combined and reconfigured the Stark technology on the asteroid, mutating Gaea into a monstrous form and attempting to collide with Earth before being convinced by Sif to relent. The ship crashed in Asgardia while fulling rejuvenating Gaea and her garden to their original state once more.[64]

Gaea later left the All-Mother Trinity when the group was disbanded after it was decided that Asgardia would leave Midgard because of the destruction of Broxton. She was ordered to remain on Midgard as it befitted her role as the Earth Mother.[65]

Familiars and Servants

  • As Neith, Egyptian goddess of war and hunting, she had cow-headed servants.[10]
  • As All-Mother, she was usually accompanied by a baby, a pup and a foal.[50]

Powers

Gaea possesses great mystical powers of an undefined nature. Gaea can use any number of natural or magical effects as they pertain to the Earth itself.

  • Spiritual Energy Absorption: She can draw on the spiritual energies of all of Earth’s living beings since all of these beings share part of her life essence.
  • Nature Control: She can command the forces of nature on Earth, such as storms and volcanic activity.
  • Earth Bond: Although Gaea's powers may seem similar to many of those of the living planet, Ego, Gaea and Ego are actually two very different kinds of beings. Ego is a planet that has acquired sentience, whereas Gaea is a goddess who has infused her life essence into the living beings of her planet.
  • Curative Healing: Gaea is known to have great powers to heal injured living beings and to cause living beings to grow.
  • Telekinesis: She has considerable telekinetic power and can even levitate Thor’s hammer, which few beings can lift through non-mechanical means. During her meeting with the 4 original Defenders, she was also able to casually dispose of them with a mere hand gesture.
  • Mystic Patron: Gaea can also bestow mystical power upon sorcerers who know how to call upon her for it.
  • Creative Force: Gaea is the embodiment of the spirit of life, growth, harvest, and renewal on Earth.
  • Eyes of the Beholder: Gaea does have a humanoid form, but she generally manifests herself in whatever humanoid form she chooses. Usually, she appears as a young woman with long black hair and blue eyes, but as Jord, she appeared as a young woman with blond hair and blue eyes. It has been suggested that she always appears in the form of however image she was worshiped as by whatever race on earth. So if she appeared before an ethnically diverse group, she would appear in the form of an ethnic image connected to that person such as African to a person of African descent and Asian to a person of Asian descent even simultaneously.

In any of her humanoid forms, she has:

  • Superhuman Strength
  • Superhuman Stamina
  • Superhuman Vitality
  • Virtual Immortality[1]
  • Superhuman Durability: Invulnerability to conventional injury and terrestrial disease. Shown most prominently when she was able to completely ignore an assault from all 4 original Defenders at once.[66]

Abilities

Allspeak: Thanks to the Allspeak she can communicate in all of the languages of the Nine Realms, Earth's dialects, and various alien languages.

Strength level

It is difficult to gauge Gaea's strength level physically, as a non corporeal entity, her "strength" may range possibly Class 100 although she rarely relies on physical strength.



  • Gaea, with her multiple names and aspects, sometimes replace some goddesses who were established as independent deities. It is unknown if she shares the name with them, or if she is just another representation (divided from her in legends):
  • Some of her aliases are sometimes defined as aspects of her (rather than simply alternate names), such as Amatsu-Kami Izanami-No-Mikoto[18][19] (also known as Izanami or In).[1]
    • Other aspects include the Red Lord (representing decay and entropy) and the Green Man (Gaea's dark aspect, representing life and birth) of Celtic mythology. Those aspects appear to be independent, opposing each other.[55]
    • In Hinduism, while later being known as Aditi, Gaea's "golden womb" was named Hiranyagarbha.[14]
    • In some cases, Gaea merges with another deity, such as "Nana Buluku", her Vodu merger with Buluku.[27]
    • Among the Akua, Gaea has been named Rangi. That could indicate either that Gaea posed as her own mate, that Rangi spawned from Gaea as an aspect of her, or that some sources confused the male Rangi with the female Papa.[32]
    • Among the Dievas, Gaea is known as Erce,[69][70] but as Ajysyt[1] to the Yakuts (worshipers of the Tenger).[16] Ajysyt is the niece of the Dieva Perun.[69]
  • Despite not having degenerated like her fellow Elder Gods, Gaea is considered (as an Elder God) to be a demon as well.[56]

Discover and Discuss

Footnotes

  1. 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 1.11 1.12 1.13 1.14 1.15 1.16 1.17 1.18 1.19 1.20 1.21 1.22 1.23 1.24 1.25 1.26 1.27 1.28 1.29 1.30 1.31 1.32 1.33 1.34 1.35 1.36 1.37 1.38 1.39 1.40 1.41 1.42 1.43 1.44 1.45 Thor & Hercules: Encyclopaedia Mythologica #1; Gaea's entry
  2. Incredible Hulks #621
  3. 3.00 3.01 3.02 3.03 3.04 3.05 3.06 3.07 3.08 3.09 3.10 3.11 3.12 3.13 Marvel Tarot #1; Goddess
  4. Haunt of Horror: Lovecraft #1; Dagon
  5. 5.0 5.1 Thor: For Asgard #3
  6. 6.0 6.1 Conan the Savage #5
  7. Thor & Hercules: Encyclopaedia Mythologica #1; Aboriginal Gods's entry
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 Thor & Hercules: Encyclopaedia Mythologica #1; Akua's entry
  9. Monsters on the Prowl #16; The Forbidden Swamp
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 10.3 Avenging Spider-Man #7
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 Conan the Savage #6
  12. Thor & Hercules: Encyclopaedia Mythologica #1; Inua's entry
  13. Thor & Hercules: Encyclopaedia Mythologica #1; Teteoh' entry
  14. 14.0 14.1 14.2 Thor & Hercules: Encyclopaedia Mythologica #1; Daevas's entry
  15. Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe A-Z #13
  16. 16.0 16.1 16.2 16.3 16.4 Thor & Hercules: Encyclopaedia Mythologica #1; Tenger's entry
  17. Thor & Hercules: Encyclopaedia Mythologica #1; Annunaki's entry
  18. 18.0 18.1 18.2 Thor & Hercules: Encyclopaedia Mythologica #1; Izanagi's entry
  19. 19.0 19.1 Thor & Hercules: Encyclopaedia Mythologica #1; Amatsu-Kami's entry
  20. Thor & Hercules: Encyclopaedia Mythologica #1; Xian's entry
  21. 21.0 21.1 Thor & Hercules: Encyclopaedia Mythologica #1; Jumala's entry
  22. 22.0 22.1 22.2 King Conan #2
  23. Thor & Hercules: Encyclopaedia Mythologica #1; Tuatha de Danaan's entry
  24. 24.0 24.1 24.2 24.3 Mystic Arcana Black Knight #1
  25. 25.0 25.1 Thor & Hercules: Encyclopaedia Mythologica #1; Asgardians' entry
  26. Thor & Hercules: Encyclopaedia Mythologica #1; Bor's entry
  27. 27.0 27.1 27.2 27.3 Thor & Hercules: Encyclopaedia Mythologica #1; Vodu's entry
  28. Deadpool vs. Thanos #1
  29. Thor & Hercules: Encyclopaedia Mythologica #1; Aboriginal gods's entry
  30. 30.0 30.1 30.2 30.3 Chaos War #4
  31. 31.0 31.1 31.2 All-New Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe #3; Council of Godheads' entry
  32. 32.0 32.1 32.2 32.3 32.4 32.5 All-New Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe Update #4; Pele's entry
  33. Thor & Hercules: Encyclopaedia Mythologica #1; Manitou's entry
  34. Thor & Hercules: Encyclopaedia Mythologica #1; Owayodata's entry
  35. Thor & Hercules: Encyclopaedia Mythologica #1; Thoth's entry
  36. Thor & Hercules: Encyclopaedia Mythologica #1; Heliopolitans' entry
  37. All-New Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe Update #3; Annunaki's entry, Dagon's first paragraph
  38. Thor & Hercules: Encyclopaedia Mythologica #1; Inanna's entry
  39. Thor & Hercules: Encyclopaedia Mythologica #1; Marduk's entry
  40. All-New Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe Update #3; Annunaki's entry, Martu's paragraph
  41. Thor & Hercules: Encyclopaedia Mythologica #1; Daevas' entry
  42. Thor & Hercules: Encyclopaedia Mythologica #1; Teteoh's entry
  43. Thor & Hercules: Encyclopaedia Mythologica #1; Dievas' entry
  44. Thor & Hercules: Encyclopaedia Mythologica #1; Diwatas' entry
  45. Thor & Hercules: Encyclopaedia Mythologica #1; Sedna's entry
  46. Thor & Hercules: Encyclopaedia Mythologica #1; Leir's entry
  47. Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe Vol 4 #9
  48. Thor & Hercules: Encyclopaedia Mythologica #1; Uranus' entry
  49. Thor & Hercules: Encyclopaedia Mythologica #1; Anansi's entry
  50. 50.0 50.1 50.2 50.3 Fear Itself #7.2
  51. 51.0 51.1 Thor & Hercules: Encyclopaedia Mythologica #1
  52. Women of Marvel: Celebrating Seven Decades Handbook #1
  53. Thor & Hercules: Encyclopaedia Mythologica #1; Cuchulain's entry
  54. Thor & Hercules: Encyclopaedia Mythologica #1; Lady of the Lake's entry
  55. 55.0 55.1 Thor & Hercules: Encyclopaedia Mythologica #1; Green Knight's entry
  56. 56.0 56.1 Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe Vol 2 #3; Demons' entry
  57. 57.0 57.1 Thor Annual #10
  58. Atlantis Attacks back-up strips.
  59. 59.0 59.1 Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe A-Z Update #1; Young Gods' entry
  60. Thor #300-301
  61. Doctor Strange Vol 2 #6-9
  62. Thunderbolts #55
  63. Defenders Vol 2 #1-12
  64. Journey into Mystery #655
  65. Thor: God of Thunder #24
  66. Defenders Vol 2 #12
  67. Thor & Hercules: Encyclopaedia Mythologica #1; Olympians' entry
  68. Thor & Hercules: Encyclopaedia Mythologica #1; Akua' entry
  69. 69.0 69.1 All-New Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe Update #2; Perun's entry
  70. Thor & Hercules: Encyclopaedia Mythologica #1; Dievas's entry
  71. Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe A-Z #4
  72. Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe A-Z hardcover Vol. 4



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